Activation: Activation allows for an existing telephone line to receive broadband internet as well as voice telephone calls at the same time. You must have an activated local phone exchange to be able to receive broadband internet in this way.

ADSL: This is an acronym of Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. ADSL is a data communication technology that allows for quality and high speed internet data to be transferred through standard copper telephone lines. The data is carried along the line faster in one way than the other – the downloading is much faster than the uploading.

Bandwidth: The bandwidth dictates how fast you can send and receive data through your broadband internet connection. When evaluating the bandwidth the convention rations are very important.

Broadband: This is the term for a high speed internet connection. The term broadband internet is often used interchangeably with the term ADSL.

Dial Up: The original method of internet connection was through dial-up internet where you connected a modem to your phone line. The transfer speeds were quite slow and you could not connect to the internet and make voice calls at the same time.

DSL: Stands for Digital Subscriber Line. This is the term used to explain the transmission of data over telephone lines. This is often used in USA – Australia and the UK uses a variant called ADSL to provide broadband internet.

DSLAM: Stands for the Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer. This is the system that aggregates the broadband internet connections, linking an area into the internet system.

Dynamic IP address: Is an IP address that changes each time you connect to your broadband internet.

Extranet: The extranet is an intranet of a broadband internet service that is accessible by computers outside a network – but not accessed by the general public.

Firewall: This can be implemented through computer software that protects you from unauthorised access via your broadband internet.

Installation: This refers to the method of configuring your computer so that it can accept your broadband internet. There are two methods of installation; the most common is wires only where you can manually configure your broadband internet. The other option requires the help of an engineer.

Intranet: This is a private network set up for a subset of authorised users often within a workplace environment.

IP address: IP stands for Internet Protocol, and these addresses are maintained by an overall source. These addresses designate the existence of a host. You can get a static IP address which will mean that every time you connect to your broadband internet you will be using this same address and you will be able to be tracked this way.

ISP: ISP stands for Internet service provider, this is the company that supplies you with your broadband internet.

Kbps: Stands for Kilobits per second.

LAN: Is an acronym for Local Area Network and is referring to the network that is confined to a small area.

Modem: The modem is a piece of hardware that is used to connect your computer to your broadband internet. The old modems were dial up and the new broadband internet modems can function wirelessly. The word modem is derived from the words modulator and demodulator.

Network adapter: Is also referred to as a ‘network interface card’ this card provides network access to specific devices which might not be linked to the network via the internet i.e. a printer.

Packet: A packet refers to the unit of data transmitted from one computer to another over a particular network. Sending packets of information is often used to test a network to make sure it is functioning properly.

Peer to Peer (P2P) network: The PTP network functions in a way that does not rely on a central server as storage for information, instead the information is distributed and stored between a number of computers.

PING: A ping is the digital request that is sent out by your computer to see if the system is lives. The response and speed of the PING determines the speed of the system and to test if it actually exists.

Router: A router is a piece of hardware that acts as a mediator between a computer and the internet. It is a device that can determine where data is sent and it can be the hub of a wireless network. A number of different computers can be configured to share one router. Routers are often referred to also as gateways.

Satellite broadband: Satellite broadband internet is provided via satellite in orbit. It is a very expensive method of connecting to broadband internet, but is used as a last resort for rural dwellers. In Australia the government offers subsidies to help rural communities connect with fast and quality satellite broadband internet.

SDSL: is an acronym for Symmetric Digital subscriber line, which is a broadband internet connection which is utilised to transmit very high-bandwidth information over the regular telephone lines. This sort of broadband internet service is very popular with corporate and business users.

Static IP address: This refers to an IP address that is allocated to you by your broadband internet provider and thus remains the same each time you access the internet. You can use a static IP address to run an email server or host a website.

VoIP: Stands for Voice Over Internet Protocol which is a new technology that allows you to send voice calls via through your broadband internet service. This technology has taken off and is offered by many different broadband internet providers at competitive rates.

Wi-Fi: Is a short term for Wireless Fidelity and refers to the wireless connection of two network devices. This is often offered in cafe’s or libraries where you can log on to their broadband internet network. The most common connections can only cope with simple internet usage, like browsing and chatting.

Wireless access point: This access point is a mediator device that exchanges information between various wireless devices that have been configured to your computer or lap top and your broadband internet.

WLAN: Is an acronym that stands for Wireless Local Area Network. This refers to a local network often like a library or a university, where you can log on and use their broadband internet exclusively without wires.